Grand Master Dong (Tung) Ying Jie was born in Renxien County in Hebei Province. He was a clever youth but weak in health. As a young man, he was always interested in martial art. One day a family friend named Liu Ying Zhou came to visit and they were introduced to each other. Mr. Liu was an expert in martial art; he was a friend of a famous Taiji Master Yang Lao Zhen from Canton. Ying Jie had heard of the ultimate power of Taiji, so when Mr. asked him about his ambition, he answered, "I want to become a martial art master to improve my health and to defend myself. Once I succeed, I want to popularize martial art all over the world." Mr. Liu admired his ambition and began to teach him some basic training. At that time, Mr. Liu was already over seventy years old, and could only give oral instructions and was unable to demonstrate physically. So after several months, he asked Li Zeng Kui, a disciple of Yang Lao to teach him the Thirteen Postures of Taiji.
A year later, Mr. Liu took Ying Jie to Huining village to visit a Hao style Master Li Xiang Yuan (Bao Yui) who is a disciple of Hao We Jeng (founder of Hao style Taiji). Master Li lived in a big mansion with big courtyards; he went outside of his door to welcome Mr. Liu. Master Li was very courteous to his guest; they sat in the living room and chatted for a while. Mr. Liu asked Master Li to except Dong Ying Jie as his student and quickly said, "Ying Jie, kneel down and thank Master Li." Master Li asked Ying Jie to demonstrate what he learned. Master Li watched with a smile and nodded his head. When Master Li demonstrated an application by putting his finger on Ying Jie's arm, he felt the pain penetrate deep into his bone. Dong Ying Jie admired Master Li's skill and realized he has a chance to learn from a great Master. After training everyday for several years, Master Li saw his skill had greatly improved, so he asked him to go home and only come back occasionally for instruction. When he got home, his health was good and body was strong.
At home he continued his study in education and martial art. He sent invitations far across the country to meet great martial artists. Whenever there were visitors, he would ask them to stay and treat them with good meals and vine. He made many friends and became well known. People with exceptional abilities came from far to exchange profound knowledge.
Dong Ying Jie was keen on Taiji and particularly admired the Yang family in Beijing. He left home once again to further his study. When he arrived in Beijing, people told him Master Yang's Gong Fu would not be taught outside their family so he should just go home. But Dong Ying Jie remarked, "Determination can move heaven and earth." Ancient chivalrous swordsmen always treated their teacher with respect and righteousness in order to learn the art; it is not impossible to learn from them if you treat your master magnanimously. If the art would not be taught outside the family, then how could Master Yang Lu Chan learn it from Chen's village; I will do what ever is necessary to learn from Master Yang. When learning from Master Yang Chen Fu, he practiced assiduously for several years. When Master Yang went to the south, he would always ask Dong Ying Jie to come with him. For three years, he followed his teacher from morning ‘til dawn and gradually his Taiji reached perfection. Later they would travel to Nanjing, Shanghai, Hanzhou, Suzhou and other historical and scenic places to make friends and pass on the art. When they were in Suzhou, his teacher, master Li came to visit. Dong Ying Jie was very happy to see Master Li; he kneeled down to show respect. Master Li said, " I know you are keen on learning and had traveled all over with Master Yang. I have come to see you. I know you still need some improvement; besides, there are many great martial artists in the south, so I am afraid you might be in an unfavorable situation and bring disgrace to Master Yang. I want to teach you some exercises to improve your internal energy." Master Li stayed in Suzhou for over a year, helping Ying Jie develop strong internal power and perfect his applications. He then returned north.
In 1931, Dong Ying Jie followed his teacher to Canton and had studied with Master Yang for over then years by then. His earnest effort moved Master Yang, thus he taught him the Yang style completely. Later, Dong Ying Jie and Yang Shou Zhong, the eldest son of Yang Chen Fu inherited Yang's legacy together. He stayed in Canton to fulfill his and his teacher's dream to popularize Taiji. For many years, he taught all over Southeast Asia. When Hong Kong fell in to hands of foreign invaders, he lived in a secluded live in Macao. Then he acquired a liking for Chinese painting, calligraphy and fine arts. He also wrote a book to divert himself. He paid little attention to current affairs but maintained high moral standards. When he was in good humor, he would demonstrate his skills to his pupils; when moving, he was like a dragon swimming in the clouds; when still, he was like a mountain. His actions were full of agility and subtlety. He could throw his opponent farther then three meters, or he could store his energy, hollow his chest and be softer than cotton. His elusive movements combined with his extreme quickness and lively spirit would hypnotize the spectators. It was incredible to see such a high level master in action. But Grand master Dong always said that he had received Master Yang's oral instruction and Master Li's physical supervision, and for himself was not satisfied with his art and often said modestly that he only opened the door to the acme of taiji.
Dictionary of Special Taiji Phrases - A publication of the Chinese Sports Department.
Dong (Tung) Ying Jie (1898-1961) was a Yang style Taiji master born in China, Heibei Province, Ren Xiang County. Although intelligent as a young man his health was weak so he decided to study martial arts. First he learned "Taiji Thirteen Postures" with Master Li Zeng Kui. He then was a serious student of the Hao (Wu) style from Master Li Xiang Yuan, a top disciple of Hao Wei Zhen. Later Dong moved to Beijing to continue his Taiji training from the famous Yang family. There he became a 17 year protégé and close friend of Yang Chen Fu. In collaboration with Master Yang, Dong wrote the book, "Taijiquan Application". Dong Ying Jie's Taiji reached a high level. He expanded the grandness and achieved a deep understanding of the principles. His skill gained great respect for Taiji and he became a key representative of the Yang style. He expressed his knowledge in a book widely known throughout Southeast Asia titled, "Taijiquan Explained" (which later was translated into English by his great grandson Master Alex Dong Da De). Master Dong Ying Jie has well known students throughout the world. His legacy of high level Taiji has been passed down the family line. World renowned masters of Taiji from his family include his son Dong (Tung) Hu Ling and daughter Dong (Tung) Jasmine. (His grandsons Dong (Tung) Kai Ying and Dong Zeng Chen and his great grandsons Dong Da De (Alex Dong) and Dong Chen Wei (David Tung) The family's influence on Taiji is seen today in many countries around the world.)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Tung Ying-chieh (Dong Yingjie in Pinyin, 董英杰 8th November 1898-1961) was an influential teacher of T'ai Chi Ch'uan. He was born in China's Hebei province. A senior student of Yang Ch'eng-fu (1883-1936), he originally studied Wu/Hao style T'ai Chi Ch'uan as a young man. Tung also studied with Ch'eng-fu's older brother Yang Shao-hou (1862-1930) and was the founder of Dong Tai Chi. In Shao-hou's classes he was an older classmate of the Wu style's Wu Kung-i (1900-1970) and Wu Kung-tsao (1902-1983), and the men remained close colleagues in later years. Following the trend of many famous T'ai Chi masters who moved south during the War years, Tung moved to Hong Kong in 1939 and taught Yang Style there. The Dong (Tung) style as it eventually developed included training features researched by Tung Ying-chieh, both with Yang Ch'eng-fu and independently.
He wrote a book called "T'ai Chi Ch'uan Explained" or "Principles of T'ai Chi Ch'uan" (T'ai Chi Ch'uan Shih I 太極拳釋義) which has recently been translated from Chinese into English. First published in 1948, it has been reprinted (notably in Hong Kong in 1975) and updated continuously since its first publication.
Tung Ying-chieh was followed by son Dong Hu Ling (董虎岭) and his grandsons: the Tung family still teach T'ai Chi Ch'uan in Asia, Hawaii, North America and Europe.